Abortion: Legality vs Morality

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Monday, February 11, 2019


Who gets to decide what is right and what is wrong? Abortion is an issue that requires an answer to this question, but many are unable to formulate a definitive moral stance on the subject. According to a survey by the Marist College Institute for Public Opinion, 56% of Americans believe abortion is morally wrong. 76% want major restrictions to be enforced regarding abortion. Aborting the unborn, for the most part, is widely accepted as wrong. Otherwise, there wouldn’t be a universal debate over the legality of the issue. Most people wouldn’t recommend that someone they know and love have one.

But this raises the issue of, “Should everything that’s wrong be illegal?” And, of course, the obvious answer is no. One can also make a similar counterargument: “Does that mean that everything legal is moral?” And the same answer repeats itself.

There is a fine line between morality and legality due to the obvious fact that not everyone has set the same moral standards for themselves. This issue seems to be most prominent in the discussion around abortion. The legality surrounding abortion is such a heated discussion due to the fact the end result will not only affect one person: the mother. It will have the most direct impact on the baby, who has no control over whatever the resolution may be.

Many claim that abortions should be legal because of rape and incest cases or if the mother’s life is endangered by the pregnancy. This is a misleading statement due to the fact that less than 0.5% of all abortions in the United States are a result of rape, incest, or endangerment. In the grand discussion, abortion is performed for the main reasons of unreadiness, lack of affordability, or both.  

Others claim that abortion should only be legal during the first 24 weeks. Three weeks after conception, the embryo is a small ball of cells that already contains the DNA necessary to determine eye color, sex, and many other traits. By weeks five and six, the baby’s heart begins to beat and facial features such as the nostrils and eyes begin to form, along with small nubs that will eventually become arms and legs. During weeks eight and nine, the baby has fingers and toes on his or her growing arms and legs. The embryo becomes a fetus at week ten; vital organs are developing – such as the brain, lungs, and kidney – and bones and genitalia are becoming nearly fully formed. A heartbeat can be heard at a prenatal check-up. All of this, before the end of the first trimester, and there is still another 14 weeks to go before the baby has a chance of surviving outside of the womb.

Who is to say what is moral and what is not? Every person’s morals differ. But when one considers the science of the unborn in the womb, it becomes clear that abortion is an act of killing innocent human life (now up until birth in many cases in New York). One can take that fact as it is and decide on their own where their morals align the issue.

A life is a life, born or soon to be.

Palmer Marlowe is a student at Columbus State University and is studying business management and political science. He enjoys talking anything politics, history, or sports, and he hopes to run his own business in the future.

The views expressed in this article are the opinion of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Lone Conservative staff.


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About Palmer Marlowe

Columbus State University

Palmer Marlowe is a student at Columbus State University and is studying business management and political science. He enjoys talking anything politics, history, or sports, and he hopes to run his own business in the future.

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